The Political and Economic Power of Immigrants, Latinos, and Asians in the Sunshine State (Update January 2012)
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Immigrants and their children are a large and growing share of Florida’s electorate.
- The foreign-born share of Florida’s population rose from 12.9% in 1990, to 16.7% in 2000, to 19.4% in 2010, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Florida was home to 3,658,043 immigrants in 2010, which is nearly the total population of Los Angeles, California.
- 48.5% of immigrants (or 1,773,148 people) in Florida were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2010 (up from 42.9% in1990)—meaning that they are eligible to vote.
- 18.8% (or 1,649,512) of registered voters in Florida were “New Americans”—naturalized citizens or the U.S.-born children of immigrants who were raised during the current era of immigration from Latin America and Asia which began in 1965—according to an analysis of 2008 Census Bureau data by Rob Paral & Associates.
1 in 5 Floridians are Latino—and they vote.
- The Latino share of Florida’s population grew from 12.2% in 1990, to 16.8% in 2000, to 22.6% (or 4,258,592 people) in 2010. The Asian share of the population grew from 1.2% in 1990, to 1.7% in 2000, to 2.4% (or 452,240 people) in 2010, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- Latinos accounted for 15.4% (or 1,227,000) of Florida voters in the 2008 elections, and Asians 1.1% (or 84,000), according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The number of Latino and Asian voters far exceeded the margin of victory (236,450 votes) by which Barack Obama defeated John McCain in Florida.
- In Florida, 86.1% of children with immigrant parents were U.S. citizens in 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.
- In 2009, 89.1% of children in Asian families in Florida were U.S. citizens, as were 89.8% of children in Latino families.
Immigrant workers and taxpayers are integral to Florida’s economy.
- Florida’s immigrant workers contribute an estimated $20 billion to the state in taxes each year, according to a2007 study by Florida International University:
- $10.5 billion in federal taxes
- $4.5 billion in state and local taxes
- $1.3 billion in property taxes
- $3.2 billion in sales taxes
- Unauthorized immigrants in Florida paid $806.8 million in state and local taxes in 2010, according to data from the Institute for Taxation and Economic Policy, which includes:
- $69.5 million in property taxes
- $737.3 million in sales taxes
- Immigrants comprised 24.4% of the state’s workforce in 2010 (or 2,259,883 workers), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
- Unauthorized immigrants comprised 6.6% of the state’s workforce (or 600,000 workers) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.
- Immigrants accounted for 38% of total economic output in the Miami metropolitan area and 13% of total economic output in the Tampa metropolitan area as of 2007, according to a study by the Fiscal Policy Institute.
- If all unauthorized immigrants were removed from Florida, the state would lose $43.9 billion in economic activity, $19.5 billion in gross state product, and approximately 262,436 jobs, even accounting for adequate market adjustment time, according to a report by the Perryman Group.
Latino and Asian consumers and business owners are integral to Florida’s economy.
- The 2010 purchasing power of Latinos in Florida totaled $107 billion—an increase of 441.9% since 1990. Asian buying power totaled $16.8 billion—an increase of 614.3% since 1990, according to the Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia.
- Florida’s 450,137 Latino-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $72.6 billion and employed 302,345 people in 2007, the last year for which data is available. The state’s 64,931 Asian-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $17.3 billion and employed 104,650 people in 2007, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Business Owners.
Immigrants are integral to Florida’s economy as students.
- Florida’s 29,708 foreign students contributed $827 million to the state’s economy in tuition, fees, and living expenses for the 2009-2010 academic year, according to NAFSA: Association of International Educators.
Naturalized citizens excel educationally.
- In Florida, 26.3% of foreign-born persons who were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2009 had a bachelor’s or higher degree, compared to 20.9% of noncitizens. At the same time, only 20.5% of naturalized citizens lacked a high-school diploma, compared to 30.3% of noncitizens.
- The number of immigrants in Florida with a college degree increased by 59.3% between 2000 and 2009, according to data from the Migration Policy Institute.
- In Florida, 86.8% of children with immigrant parents were considered “English proficient” as of 2009, according to the Urban Institute.
The English proficiency rate among Asian children in Florida was 90.8%, while for Latino children it was 85.7%, as of2009.
Published On: Wed, Jan 11, 2012 | Download File